Small Animal Veterinary Radiology Guide
Sex: Female, Spayed Age: 11y Weight: 7 KG Species: Canine
Learn Veterinary Radiology with help of examples and explanations.
Explanation of all above x-rays
The cardiac silhouette is moderate to severely generally enlarged. There is moderate rounding of the left atrium on the lateral views.
On the VD image, the heart has a global appearance. There is distention of the caudal vena cava and pulmonary veins.
The trachea is elevated with some narrowing of the caudal trachea and caudal main stem bronchi however no complete compression/collapse is appreciated.
The lungs are poorly inflated with a heavy interstitial to almost alveolar opacity to the per hilar and caudal lungs. No soft tissue pulmonary nodules or masses are visible.
There is no evidence of pleural effusion. The cranial mediastinum is normal. The esophagus is unremarkable.
Moderate to severe cardiomegaly. This likely is associated with a combination of mitral and tricuspid valvular insufficiency however given the concurrent globoid appearance to the heart on the VD image, concurrent pericardial effusion is suspected.
There is evidence of vascular congestion and pulmonary edema indicating left-sided heart failure.