October 23, 2021
spleen tumor dogs

Spleen tumor in dogs | Symptoms | Treatment

What is a spleen tumor in dogs?

Tumor or cancer of the spleen in dogs is a common tumor of dogs. Medically, a Malignant spleen tumor is called Hemangiosarcoma. Hemangiosarcoma is a cancer of blood vessels of the spleen, but it may liver and heart blood vessels too. Spleen tumors are common in middle to old aged dogs.

What are the types of spleen tumor in dogs?

They can be either benign or malignant and two-thirds of all splenic masses are malignant.

Malignant tumors can spread to other body parts, but benign tumors are less dangerous and grow locally only. But both tumors are dangerous when they are ruptured internally. The Chances of rupture of a malignant tumor are high due to the fragile nature of the spleen.

Ruptured tumors can cause excessive bleeding in the abdomen and some cases, acute death can occur. If they spread to other body parts, then long term prognosis is poor.

What breeds are prone to splenic tumors?

Malignant tumors are more common in German Shepherds, Poodles, Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, Boxers, Skye terriers, and Portuguese water dogs. 

What is the function of the spleen?

spleen tumor dogs

The spleen is a very important organ in the body and it plays important roles in RBC regulation and the immune system of the pet. It removes old RBCs and refreshes blood. Even if the spleen is removed, dogs can live a good life without a spleen.

What are the symptoms of a spleen tumor in dogs?

Clinical signs of a spleen tumor are mainly due to internal bleeding. You may see some or all of the following symptoms:

  • Sudden weakness 
  • Collapse
  • Pale gums
  • High heart rate
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Distended abdomen
  • Anemia
  • Loss of appetite

How are splenic tumors diagnosed in dogs?

Diagnosis of the spleen tumor may involve many steps:

  • A thorough history regarding pet’s general health, or ongoing medications.
  • A thorough physical examination to check the pet’s vital parameters
  • Complete blood count (CBC) may show anemia or high white blood cells (WBC)
  • Low platelet count due to DIC
  • Blood chemistry to see the functioning of kidney, liver, electrolyte imbalance, and other important blood parameters.
  • X-rays to see any tumor or other structural changes in the body
  • Ultrasound to see any internal bleeding in the abdomen and to see organ structural changes 
  • A fluid sample may be collected from the abdomen to check the nature of the fluid in the abdomen.
  • Tumor tissue biopsy with ultrasound

What are treatment options for splenic tumors in dogs?

The best treatment option for a spleen tumor is surgery. The full spleen is removed through surgery. Chemotherapy may be helpful if the malignant tumor has spread to other body parts.

In some cases, if Red Blood Count (RBC) is too low, then the pet needs blood transfusion before or after surgery. With surgery alone, the average survival time is 2-3 months in a malignant type of tumor. Doxorubicin is the main chemotherapy drug for malignant tumors. Doxorubicin has some side effects such as a decrease in appetite, nausea, vomiting, and lethargy.

Surgery and chemotherapy together have an average survival time of 4-6 months in malignant types of tumors. Immunotherapy is another option after surgery. But this therapy is rarely available.

What are the complications associated with surgery:

Severe blood loss and even death due to rupture of the spleen during surgery

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a common complication resulting in clots within blood vessels

spleen tumor dogs

What is the prognosis of splenic tumors in dogs?

The prognosis for splenic tumors is variable and it depends on the type of tumor. In benign tumors, surgical removal of the spleen gives full recovery. However, in malignant tumors, survival time ranges from 2-9 months with surgery and chemotherapy. Unfortunately, the overall prognosis is not good, even with surgery and chemotherapy.

Some other important articles:   

Kennel Cough

Parvo in dogs

IMHA in Dogs

Diabetes in Dogs

Cushing’s disease in Dogs

This information is NOT intended as a substitute for veterinary consultation for any of your pet’s diseases. Always consult your veterinarian for a diagnosis and treatment plan.

References:

  • Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline by Larry P. Tilley, Francis W. K. Smith
  • Saunders Manual of Small Animal Practice by Robert G. Sherding and Stephen J. Birchard
  • Emergency Procedures for the Small Animal Veterinarian by Signe J. Plunkett
  • Merck Veterinary Manual by Susan Aiello
  • 100 Top Consultations in Small Animal General Practice by Peter Hill, Sheena Warman, Geoff Shawcross
  • Plumb’s Veterinary Drug Handbook by Donald C. Plumb
  • Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Manual, 3rd Edition by Karol A. Mathews
  • Veterinary Guide for Animal Owners, 2nd Edition by C.E. Spaulding, D.M.V. Jackie Clay 
  • Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care for Veterinary Technicians Third edition by Andrea M. Battaglia, LVT, Andrea M. Steele, MSc, RVT, VTS (ECC)

Dr Gurpal Chahal, DVM

Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

View all posts by Dr Gurpal Chahal, DVM →

1,138 thoughts on “Spleen tumor in dogs | Symptoms | Treatment

  1. I am amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I come across a blog that equally educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head. The problem is an issue that too few men and women are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy that I came across this in my search for something concerning this.

  2. Looks like my search for informative blogs on this subject has finally come to an end! Even though I recognize that you have a life, but I would definitely like to see this blog updated more often.

  3. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did
    you create this website yourself or did you hire someone
    to do it for you? Plz reply as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like to
    know where u got this from. thanks

  4. I have been surfing on-line more than three hours
    lately, yet I never found any fascinating article like yours.
    It’s beautiful value sufficient for me. Personally, if all site owners and bloggers made just right content as you did, the web
    will likely be a lot more useful than ever before.

  5. I’m amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s both equally educative and amusing, and without
    a doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head. The issue is something which not enough people are speaking intelligently about.
    Now i’m very happy that I came across this during my hunt for something regarding this.

  6. Cool blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make
    my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your theme.
    Kudos

  7. But yeah Many thanks for taking the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and in actual fact like learning more on this topic. If doable, as you gain expertise, would you mind updating your blog with more information? It is extremely helpful for me.

  8. I have been told to improve your creative writing you need to read a lot.. What great classic books, can I read (from any period or country) that will improve my writing.. Genre is unimportant, though I am not writing for children.. I said classic, I read science fiction/recent literature as entertainment. But to improve the quality of writing, read the masters. Can any one write a list of great writers to read..

  9. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks, However I am having difficulties with your RSS.
    I don’t know why I can’t subscribe to it. Is there anyone else having the same
    RSS problems? Anyone that knows the solution will you kindly respond?
    Thanks!!

  10. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who has been doing a little homework on this.
    And he actually ordered me lunch simply because I stumbled
    upon it for him… lol. So let me reword this….
    Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending the time to talk about this
    issue here on your internet site.

  11. Its such as you read my thoughts! You appear to understand so much approximately this, like
    you wrote the e book in it or something. I feel that you simply
    could do with some percent to force the message home a bit, however other than that, that is
    magnificent blog. A great read. I’ll definitely be back.

  12. After going over a handful of the blog articles on your web site, I really like your way of blogging.
    I added it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back in the near future.
    Take a look at my web site as well and tell me what
    you think.

  13. The first piece is geotagging each blog post on some sort of map.. . The second piece is meshing those points on a map with other people. Essentially we’d like several members of our team to provide updates regularly and post their locations to the same map..

  14. Топовое порево от именитых порно-студий и режиссеров к вашим услугам.
    Заверяем, что все ролики постановочные и участвуют в нем исключительно профессиональные актеры и актрисы, снимающие порно видео с соблюдением всех норм безопасности.
    Исключением являются домашние и любительские материалы от реальных людей, кто любит показывать в сети интимные страсти в постели. Лицезреть секс полезно как девушкам, так и парням. Наслаждайся порно онлайн на https://checkporno.pro – ЧекПорно , изучая новые позиции в любовном искусстве, чтобы в будущем поразить партнера супер трахом.

    Заходи к нам на порно сайт ЧекПорно: checkporno.pro и наслаждайся!

  15. I have been surfing online more than 4 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all web owners and bloggers made good
    content as you did, the net will be a lot more
    useful than ever before.

  16. I am really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a great blog like this one today.

  17. You made some decent points there. I checked on the
    net for more information about the issue and found most individuals
    will go along with your views on this site.

  18. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You obviously know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just
    posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

  19. I’ll right away snatch your rss as I can’t to find your email subscription hyperlink
    or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please allow me
    recognise in order that I may subscribe. Thanks.

  20. I do agree with all the ideas you have presented on your post.
    They’re really convincing and can definitely work.

    Nonetheless, the posts are very quick for beginners. May just you please prolong them a little from
    next time? Thanks for the post.

  21. Bạn đang xác minh về chó tha mồi Retriever(kg:/m/0km3f) Dogily sẽ hỗ trợ cho bạn có cái nhìn tổng quát nhất về cách chăm sóc chó tha mồi Lab Retriever giúp bạn biết được lưu ý khi mua bán giống chó Lab. Tham khảo địa chỉ: dogily.vn/cho-canh/cho-labrador hoặc đến địa chỉ: 606/121 Ba Tháng Hai, Phường 14, Quận 10, Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh để mua giống chó tha mồi Retriever nhé!

  22. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve visited this blog before but after going through
    some of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Regardless, I’m certainly delighted I stumbled upon it
    and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back often!

  23. Many users asked us How To Download videos from any site free online?
    We have answer!!

    https://www.intensedebate.com/people/fastfromyoutube
    https://doodleordie.com/profile/fastfrom-youtube
    https://www.flicks.co.nz/member/fastfrom-instagram/
    https://myblogu.com/pprofile/fastfrom
    https://www.folkd.com/user/fastfromtwitterdownloader
    https://buddypress.org/members/fastfrom/profile/
    https://www.turnkeylinux.org/user/1437216
    https://www.ted.com/profiles/26338886
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/user/Bekker_1
    https://www.kickstarter.com/profile/1110072683/about
    https://finexam.ru/forum/user/118527/
    https://www.deviantart.com/fastfrom/about
    https://www.producthunt.com/@fastfrom
    https://gold10.ru/forum/messages/forum16/topic6636/message31156/#message31156
    http://www.authorstream.com/Fastfrom/
    https://qiita.com/fastfrom
    http://e-regata.com/rus/forum/?PAGE_NAME=profile_view&UID=23145
    http://tonb.ru/services/forum/?PAGE_NAME=profile_view&UID=18506
    http://ttlink.com/albert11
    http://www.globalvision2000.com/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=186361
    https://dev.1c-bitrix.ru/community/webdev/user/5032484/
    https://www.mixcloud.com/DJ_mopson/
    https://sikhyourmind.com/forum/profile/abraham089/
    https://www.goodreads.com/user/show/130631579-jeniffer
    https://www.csi.edu.au/profile/Krish07/
    https://muckrack.com/andry-robertson
    https://dribbble.com/tamerlan11/about
    https://community.fandom.com/wiki/User:Josepsina
    https://listswapper.com/author/ramos223/
    https://logos.fandom.com/wiki/FastFrom.com
    https://hero.osclass.me/user/profile/320678
    https://myspace.com/tamerlan23
    https://anotepad.com/note/read/hje565xf
    https://profile.hatena.ne.jp/fastfrom/
    https://issuu.com/fastfrom.com
    https://www.buymeacoffee.com/fastfrom/

  24. I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your blog.
    It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to
    come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme?

    Great work!

    Feel free to surf to my blog post :: cbd gummies

  25. Hi, I do think this is an excellent site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may revisit once again since I book marked it.

    Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you
    be rich and continue to guide other people.

  26. Nice post. I used to be checking constantly this weblog and I am impressed!
    Extremely useful information specifically the ultimate phase 🙂 I take care of such information much.
    I used to be seeking this certain info for a very long time.
    Thanks and best of luck.

  27. Bạn có biết chi tiết giống mèo hiện nay chưa. Mèo là vật nuôi được nhiều người ưa chuộng nhất hiện nay. Tuy nhiên người dùngcòn chưa có đủ kinh nghiệm để phân biệt các giống mèo. Việc lựa chọn một chú mèo về làm thú nuôi không đơn giản chỉ là mua và bán nếu bạn không biết tính cách và lối sống của chúng thì chắc chắn rằng chúng sẽ bị bệnh ngay lập tức.

  28. Wonderful article! That is the type of info that are meant to be shared across the net.

    Disgrace on the seek engines for no longer positioning this put up higher!
    Come on over and seek advice from my web site .

    Thank you =)

    my website … cbd for sleep

  29. Have you ever considered creating an e-book or guest
    authoring on other blogs? I have a blog based upon on the same ideas you discuss and would really like to have you
    share some stories/information. I know my readers would enjoy
    your work. If you are even remotely interested,
    feel free to send me an e mail.

    Visit my homepage :: CBD for sale

  30. Attractive component to content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to claim that I acquire in fact enjoyed
    account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feeds or even I achievement you access persistently rapidly.

  31. With havin so much content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or
    copyright violation? My blog has a lot of unique content
    I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of it is
    popping it up all over the internet without my permission. Do you know any
    solutions to help stop content from being
    stolen? I’d truly appreciate it.

  32. Thanks for the marvelous posting! I seriously enjoyed
    reading it, you are a great author.I will remember to bookmark your blog and may come back very soon. I want to encourage you to definitely continue your great job, have a
    nice morning!